In modern day educational practices, credits and credit hours are words that are used in abandon. From high schools to universities, many institutes worldwide are adapting the system of credits as it provide several benefits in various instances. At the same time, when looking at courses existing in various universities, it is apparent that, slight variations on how the credits are been allocated can exist although many adhere to standards expected by the educational authorities of that particular state or in the country.
When looking at how the credit systems are in operation, it is fundamental to see that the number of hours per week per semester or the number of hours spent on a course per semester is being used to determine the credit allocation for a particular course. Thus, a student who spends one hour per week on a particular subject or a course would accumulate about 12 to 15 hours of credit hours which would usually be assigned a credit value of 1. At the same time, laboratory work, field work as well as self study requirements would also attract credits and in most instances, an academic institutions would expect a student to complete a stipulated amount of credits in order to obtain a particular diploma or a degree.
When a credit system is in place, it would also be possible to determine a grade point average (GPA) for a particular course or else a cumulative GPA which would cover the entire training programme. Such a GPA value would be a better indicator of a students performance in relation to the amount of work put in to the learning.
In the modern world, there are many academic institutions which offer training in probably the same study areas and in interrelated areas. At the same time, students who obtain basic degrees and higher educational qualifications would want to pursue postgraduate qualifications in different institutions, sometimes in another country. In such instances, in order to determine whether the students qualify to be eligible to follow a particular course or else to determine if there are any exemptions that could be made to avoid repeating the same learning, the credit system would be of great use. Because it adheres to a stipulated standard, another institute can assess the students credit achievements and can determine the competency of that student as against the other students who become eligible through a different means.
At the same time, by using a credit system, a student will be able to seek the possibility of transferring credits to another course which accepts the previous training programme as being eligible for such exceptions. As mentioned earlier, this would prevent the student needing to follow the courses which he is competent enough and would allow the student to focus more on the task at hand for furthering his or her education.
Lastly, but not least, credit systems allow the teachers and the administrators to keep track of the students in their progress in a particular learning programme as well.