Homeschool children in the second or third grade of elementary school should learn about utilizing graphs and charts. Learning how to organize and interpret data is an important skill to have. This homeschool lesson plan for basic graphs and charts will teach your child the basics.
Teaching your child about graphs and charts
Your homeschool lesson plan for graphs and charts should include three main things: collecting data, organizing data, and interpreting data. Many textbooks and other non-fiction books found at the library can help teach your child about graphs and charts.
You should explain to your child that scientists and researchers might use graphs and charts to organize the data, or information, that they collect. Data can be collected in various ways: through surveys, observation, and experimentation. After the data is organized, it needs to be able to be interpreted by other scientists and researchers.
Interpreting data on graphs and charts
After the initial explanations, it is time for your homeschool child to get into using graphs and charts to interpret data. You can either use a chart from a book or quickly draw one up yourself.
Indicate both the X and Y axis on the chart. They should be labeled clearly based on what they represent. For example, the bottom may be days of the week, while the side axis may indicate minutes of exercise completed.
For each day of the week, there should either be a point, a bar, or a line that indicates how many minutes were completed. Help your child understand how to read the chart or graph.
Practice making graphs and charts
After the general types and parts of graphs and charts are explained in your homeschool lesson plan, you should give your child practice in making some for themselves. The first step is to figure out how they will collect the data. Some options are polling the family as to their favorite color or food. They could also conduct a simple experiment, or count cans of beans, corn, and pineapple on the shelf of your pantry.
After the data is collected, have your child make a chart or graph that organizes the data. They should be able to decide what information each axis will represent: family member and colors, or the number of cans and type of food in them.
The final step in learning about graphs and charts is to interpret the data. Your child should be able to look at their chart and tell you several facts about the data there. For example: do more people in the family like blue or red? Or how many more cans of corn are there than pineapple?
Teaching your homeschool child about graphs and charts is an important part of their math lesson plans. Children in the second or third grades should be able to organize, display, and interpret data in chart or graph form.