Laboratory management is included in the curriculum of the Medical Technology, Clinical Laboratory Science and Clinical Pathology courses. This is because it is essential that professionals in these particular fields should be able to manage efficiently a clinical laboratory.
Included in the study of laboratory management are the following: requirements for the physical plant where the laboratory would be housed, the maintenance and calibration of laboratory equipment, the effective management of laboratory personnel and everything that concerns the clinical laboratory.
Since the department is a vital arm in the correct diagnosis of the patient’s disease, the role of proper laboratory management should not be discounted.
The following are the specific objectives in the study of Laboratory Management.
After the course, the student should be able to:
1. Prepare a physical plant/floor plan in setting up a clinical laboratory.
2. Select qualified personnel and be able to manage them well.
3. Select appropriate reagent and equipment.
4. Establish standard operating procedures.
5. Assign Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) for each necessary material.
6. Conduct quality assurance to check on reagents and equipment.
7. Devise an organized and proper storage of patient’s data and results.
8. Establish a flow chart in the following sections namely; clinical chemistry, hematology. histopathology, microbiology, serology-immunology, parasitology, and immunohematology; other sections like nuclear medicine maybe included.
9. Coordinate with other branches in the hospital for the over all smooth operation of the facility.
These are some of the procedures included in the following sections:
1. Clinical Chemistry
Substances in blood like glucose, lipids, enzymes, toxins, and proteins are tested, and the results are utilized to diagnose the patient.
Blood cell counts are performed; like white blood cell count, red blood cell count, and differential counts. Coagulation time, hemoglobin, hematocrit, and bleeding time are also performed in this section.
Antigen antibody reactions are used to detect the presence of disease in the patient.
This deals with the study of parasites in man.
This is the study of microbes or microorganisms which maybe pathogenic or non-pathogenic to man. Culture, identification and sensitivity tests are also done to determine which drug the microbes are most sensitive to.
This deals with the study of the different blood types, the transfusion reactions that may occur and the different blood preparations that could be infused to compatible individuals.
The study of laboratory management is a very significant subject for a health professional who intends to work in a clinical laboratory. Without this subject, effective and efficient operation of a clinical laboratory would not be possible.