Clear rules, consistency, and encouragement are the fundamentals for effective classroom management in elementary school classes. As a teacher if you follow these concepts you will be rewarded with a class who is enthusiastic about learning, and evidently much easier to manage. Below is an extended list of some of the techniques you will need to succeed.
1. Set out a clear and structured set of rules for your classroom. Keep them brief and reasonable and make sure that your class knows exactly what they are. Spend some time teaching these rules to your class and continue to refer to them throughout the year.
2. Apply consistent consequences when it comes to the rules being tested. If you begin to “turn a blind eye” to disruptive or aggressive behaviors then very soon your class will begin to lose respect for both the classroom rules and perhaps even you in general.
3. Praise, encourage, and acknowledge. It goes a long way in keeping students on task and learning. Of course you need to be genuine but it’s amazing how different a classroom can feel if the teacher is someone who encourages and excites rather than shouts and admonishes. That’s great” or “Good work” is a fine start but consider your body language too. What about a smile and a nod, or a thumbs up?
4. Make sure your instructions are clear and concise. Don’t waffle and repeat yourself or they will soon stop listening. Consider your non-verbal language also when it comes to giving directions. If the rules are clear your students will know that you clapping might mean “Stop what you’re doing and listen”. Pause in talk often gets their attention too.
5. Move around the room, acknowledge work being done and stand close to off task students. This can often spur them into positive action. These same students will also respond much better to one on one talk rather than a dressing-down that the whole class is privy to.
6. Keep you classes interesting and fun. Boring classes make for unsettled students and problems begin no matter how tight your rules are. After all how long can you sit still if you’re bored batty?
So ultimately know your students and respect them, apply consequences that are reasonable and consistent, be a good role model and in doing these things your students will come to respect you and make your elementary school class will be an enjoyable one.