Advantages and disadvantages to having a school-round elementary school schedule vary depending on who you are teaching, but, in most cases, the extra schooling had no effect whatsoever.
In a study done from 1980-1997, researchers found six cases of negative effects in the new schedule, twenty-seven effects of positive effects, and a whopping forty-two counts of students remaining exactly the same. This shows that, despite a common belief that more school means better grades, most students stay the same.
The study’s results, and any other study’s results for this subject, can be explained in a very easy way. The first factor, the positive results, can be explained as the fact that great students will remain great, and average students will have more time to understand something they might not grasp in a traditional American school timeframe. The negative results can be explained as easy as the first: Some less-than-average students will not like the new schedule, as well as students who simply do not like school, and this group of peers will act accordingly, trying even less to achieve average grades. The final point, the schools that remain the same for year-round scheduling, are simply schools that are either very hard-working, and therefor remain the same or get better, or are schools which have average students who have a reason to stay the same.
Also contrary to popular belief, the “more time” mentioned above actually means “more concentrated time”, because there is the same amount of schooling during the year as traditional school. The reason it is called “year round schooling” is the fact that there is no summer break. That is, the summer break is dived into pieces and spread about the year, so information is not lost during the long break. This is one major advantage to year-round schooling. The information doesn’t need to be rehashed at the beginning of every year, because it is retained!
So, in summary, while the traditional American schooling schedule usually gets the same grades, the year-round schooling is more beneficial to the student, because it doesn’t need the traditional schedule’s re-teaching, because there is no break large enough to require any such mundane practice. The traditional schedule is one reason students don’t like school, as well, even though the same students claim to be against a year-round schedule. Think about it, if the reason is (and I know it is) the fact that school is hard for them that they don’t like school, and this schedule makes it easier to learn, then they like school a little bit more, right?