Homework is a necessary and appropriate part of the educational process that provides many benefits to students. While there is a lack of desire by children and sometimes even parents to have homework be part of the normal routine, but reality is that the benefits of doing homework, far out ways having no homework.
Allows the repetition of skills
One of the most noted benefits of homework is that children are able to have more practice with the skills the teacher has taught during class. A teacher may explain and give example of math concept, for instance, and in order for the child to internalize and remember the skills needs to completely understand the concept, it requires more repeated practice. Without the increased amount of practice with the concept, the child is less likely to master the concept.
Improves reading comprehension
Simply, the more exposure a child has to words, the greater the vocabulary of the child. At any level the more exposure a student has to words, the better the child reading comprehension is. Whether it is through reading novels or reading chapters in a chemistry textbook, children are exposed to more academic words. It is easy for teachers to simply tell students about a subject, but if students see it, read it, and write about it, there is a greater likelihood that the comprehension is retained.
Improves writing skills
Homework is common place for teachers to place writing assignments. Often students can have difficult time writing under the pressure of school allotted time. Assigning writing projects for homework, frees up teachers to work on other important skills during the school day. Then teachers can often work with students on the revision process at school. To improve as writers, students need to write often and homework allows this opportunity.
Helps standardized test scores
Content standards require that teachers move at fairly brisk pace in order to complete all the required lessons that will be required for students to advance on standardized tests. Without homework, teachers would be less likely to meet the content standards and students will be less likely to be prepared for the state tests, which are a reflection of the school district. In order to master the material for standardized tests, students need to complete work at home.
Improves study habits
Having students develop the habit of having homework on a regular basis benefits the student’s establishment of good study habits. The student develops a sense of pride in the accomplishment of completing a task and seeing it through all the way to the end. Students, who do homework, have an increased sense of confidence in their own ability to master the material.
Allows students to discover questions
By assigning homework, students have the opportunity to attempt work without teacher supervision. If the student develops questions, while working on the homework, the teacher can then approach the instructor at school with help with those questions. There may not be enough time during class time to work through all of the potential problems that could come up.
Increased time for studying
Homework is a time for students to review and study the content that the teacher presented during class time. If a student reviews the material on a daily basis, the students will improve comprehension of the subject matter. If the student develops the habit of studying materials, even when there is not a graded assignment due, it will help develop practices that will stay with the student into higher levels of academics also.
Provides a positive outlet
If a child is not doing homework during the time not in school, the student is more likely to use that free time on activities that do not enhance learning or growth as a student. Working on any academic endeavor is a positive use of a child’s time.
Allow parental involvement
Parents are not generally in the classroom, but they are able to see the homework their children are working on. Homework gives parents the opportunity to witness the curriculum and the rigor of the assignments that are being assigned to the students. It gives parents a chance to work with the child and to share thoughts on the subject matter.