Rubrics are a set of criteria used for assessing an assignment or performance. They serve as essential rating scales for teachers to evaluate students work. Writing rubrics which can be put to use requires skill and expertise from the teacher’s part. It should provide specific criteria, rating scales and acceptable performance. Rubrics must provide information which can be comprehended easily and used effectively both by teachers and students. Rubrics should be relevant to the task assessed, besides being practical and manageable
Benefits of using rubrics to assess student work are really worth considering.
Rubrics hold an important role in student assessment. They fit in as yardsticks to align evaluative standards, curriculum, instruction and assignment tasks.
As consistency and accuracy are the keys to any assessment, rubrics help in achieving both. The standards for marking every student remain unchanged and unbiased, as the performance is measured with the same set of criteria.
Any assignment task has to be placed from exceptional to not up to expectations. This is possible with clear rubrics.This exercise gives an opportunity for the student to correct his shortcomings and aim for improved performance.
Rubrics offer constructive feedback on teaching and instruction. Matching rubrics with teaching objectives help to improve teaching methods and effectiveness.
Rubrics act as detailed pointers to indicate student performance and promote student awareness of the evaluative criteria in the assessment process.
Role of rubrics is very significant in areas of testing and assessment, as they provide benchmarks against which academic progress can be measured and recorded.
Rubrics focus the need to specify the criteria of assessment prior to the assessment process. This makes the task easy for the teachers, as the assessment criteria is prior knowledge and accepted by the students.
Very often the element of subjectivity is unavoidable in a teaching- learning scenario. With a set of well thought out rubrics, teachers can do an objective assessment.
By using the rubrics students have reliable criteria to assess themselves and their peers.
Rubrics play a major role in instruction and evaluation. The teacher’s task becomes less time-consuming as the rubrics act as a perfect guideline for both students and teachers, making the assessment process less complex. Rubrics help students in self-reflection, by helping them assess their strengths and weaknesses. Understanding how rubrics work will help them to aim for quality work, focus on better grades and feel less anxious about assessment procedures. Rubrics based on set criteria add consistency to any assessment. It paves way for fair and reliable assessment practices, thus boosting student confidence and performance.