With each passing day, ADHD is becoming a more common diagnosis in children. Kids who have ADHD have difficulty focusing. This means that their schoolwork and studies often suffer. Children with ADHD just need a little extra attention when it comes to learning.
If you are a parent or a teacher with a child that has ADHD (or ADD) don’t give up hope. These children are generally very bright. You just need to spend more time nurturing their creative sides. There are a few tips that you can use to teach children with these types of learning disorders.
First things first, you need to be understand their needs and frustrations. Put yourself in their shoes and imagine how you would feel in that situation. Think about the things that would help you the most and use those as tools to teach the child.
Establish a routine with the child. Try teaching the same subjects every day at the same time. This will help the child because they will know what to expect. It is very important that lessons and subjects stay at a consistent level.
Avoid burning kids out by switching the subjects after enough ground is covered. Don’t spend three or four hours on one lesson. This can bore a child and cause them to lose interest. You want to hold their attention. If a child seems restless, allow them time to take a break and stretch their legs.
Don’t force or cram lessons. Never use homework as a punishment or make a child feel like it is a bad thing. Instead, make learning fun. Show the child that learning doesn’t have to be boring.
Find fun ways to present lessons to the child. Use subjects, cartoons, and other items that kids can relate to. Math problems with a football theme or English assignments about Spiderman can often make a big difference with a child.
Many lessons and subjects can be turned into games. The child is still learning but they don’t realize that they are. Play games such as Jeopardy or word puzzles with a twist suited to the subject at hand.
Assign extra credit assignments and projects that the child has a few days to do. Leave the options wide open so there is room for creativity. This will help the child work harder on the assignment but still not feel rushed.
Use teaching aids such as flashcards to help a child understand what they are being taught. Give handouts, worksheets, and other follow-up assignments to help them continue to learn. Build one lesson onto the next. Don’t just rush through one chapter and then the next.
Review the material that the child learns often. Ask questions as you go to make sure that they understand. Give tests and quizzes to make sure that the child is on the right page (allow use of the book if you choose to).
Remember that it isn’t just enough to assign bookwork. You should explain to the child what they are learning. Break things down in simpler terms so that they don’t get confused by technical terms used in the book. Add details that can’t be found in the book or find ways to relate the lesson to everyday life.
You should allow children one-on-one time with you but be careful not to enable them. Kids will get used to the idea of not working alone if you over do it. Encourage them to work on their own but be there to help them if they need it. Don’t give them answers guide them in the right direction to look so that they can find the answers.
Children with ADHD do want to learn. They just don’t always know how to go about doing it. Offer them praise and encouragement along they way. Reward them with stickers or other incentives that will help boost their learning confidence.
Sometimes, you can’t just teach a child with a learning disorder such as ADD or ADHD. You must also be willing to learn from them. It isn’t always an easy task but in the end, it is well worth the effort put forth by both parties.