Student-Centered Learning (SCL) system or also known as Learner-Centered Learning is a branch of education system that focuses on what the students will gain at the end of a teaching and learning process.
This system is the basis for Outcome-Based Education (OBE) where instead of focusing only on what is taught and learn in a particular teaching process, OBE emphasizes on what the students gain during the knowledge transfer and what they are able to do with what is gained. The best known model to explain Outcome-Based Education (OBE) is perhaps by Bill Spady at The High Success Network (1992) where he defined OBE as: “ – defining, organizing, focusing and directing all aspects of curriculum on the things we want all learners to demonstrate successfully when they complete the program.”
Student-Centered Learning (SCL) therefore is designed to achieve this.
Teacher-Centered Learning (TCL) has dominated much of the education history. A teacher is a person who teaches and enlightens students with knowledge. Sometimes this process is limited to what is experienced and learned by the teacher. This can create a constricted learning process for the students for they are only receiving what is said and taught by the teacher.
Student-Centered Learnig (SCL) shifts the focus to the students where their thoughts and opinions are encouraged to be shared during the teaching and learning process. This allows them to explore their imagination on the subject as well as pose questions that are otherwise deemed inappropriate by the conventional teachers.
When students are allowed to broaden their minds and given the opportunity to voice out their thoughts, it gives them an invaluable lesson that reaches beyond the scope of the subject taught. Two-way communication between the teacher and the students encourages them to have an educated discussion to further understand the lesson. This process does not only gives them a deeper understanding of the subject but it directly improves the students’ oratory skills and makes them better speaker in expressing their opinions.
Student-Centered Learning (SCL) should be introduced at the earliest stage of education.
When children are allowed to ask questions about what they learn, they are able to understand better and therefore what is learned will leave a greater impression rather than the traditional facts memorization. Passive learning concept is unsuitable for young minds for this is the time when their minds and views should be expressed as well as broaden. Student-Centered Learning (SCL) gives them that opportunity.
As students get older and they learn more, they will naturally have more questions.
With SCL system applied in a classroom environment, a teaching and learning process can be taken to a new level where not only the teacher will mediate as a guide and support in the classroom discussions, students will experience a different kind of relationship with their fellow classmates and teacher alike. This strengthen their will to learn and keeps them interested to be in school for they know that they are able to learn so much more than just reading from textbooks.