Before teaching takes place instructional objectives are formulated and set. These objectives are goals set by the national government, by the state, or by the learning institution to conform to the international, national, state, or institutional educational goals. Why is there a need for teachers to consider instructional objectives in planning? What is the importance of instructional objectives in teaching?
Goals to where teaching is heading
Instructional objectives serve as goals that teachers have set in the achievement of a greater goal. They also tell students what is expected of them. Instructional objectives make definite the direction in which teaching leads and become the focus of instruction, not only for the teachers, but also for the students. Without instructional objectives teaching is comparable to a fallen leaf whose destination is dependent on the will of the wind. Without instructional objectives, teachers will have nothing to follow in order to achieve what it should achieve.
Unifying elements in the teaching – learning process
Teaching is composed of certain elements in order to effect learning. These elements are interconnected and unified because they are all anchored on instructional objectives. The activities introduced by the teachers, the instructional media that teachers use, and the assessment tools that they employ are connected to the instructional objectives. Instructional objectives serve as central unifying elements for instructional strategy, instructional media, and assessment.
Bases for assessment
Assessment plays an indispensable role in the educative process. It determines whether the teacher has achieved the goals he set or not. The instructional objectives provide teachers the idea of what is the best assessment tool to be used in a given situation. Moreover, instructional objectives determine the behavior to be measured. Without instructional objectives, the teacher will have no indicator to measure achievement. What then is there to measure anyway with the absence of bases for assessment?
Provide feedback for maintaining objectives and instituting reforms
Assessment, when carried out properly and used effectively, provides learning institutions and its stakeholders from the government and the school the data which reflect the achievement level of both the students and the teachers. Achievement levels can be easily determined and identified through the instructional objectives. These objectives, based from results, can be maintained, taken out, or modified depending on the role they play on the achievement of greater educational goals. The absence of instructional objectives can imperil the flow of the educational process because of the absence of feedback on the level of achievement, thus educational reforms, should there be any, cannot be initiated.
Instructional objectives are definitely important in teaching. Without them, teaching is reduced to an endeavor with no definite goal, structure, or purpose.