Special Education Terminology
PL 94-142: Public law 142 passed by the 94 congress. established the rights of disabled children to public school education in the least restrictive environment
IDEA: Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).
Section 504: Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (PL 93-112) Section 504 – Prohibited programs that receive federal funds from discriminating against “otherwise qualified handicapped” individuals.
Individual Educational Program (IEP): A special plan that lists accommodations and learning plan to meet the needs of the special ed student or Sec 504 referral.
Multi-Disciplinary Committee (MDC): A team of educators including the parent, identifying all areas of suspected disability & impact on all education areas
Child Study Team (CST): an assessment by two or more of the following certified personnel: School Psychologist, Learning Disabilities Teacher-Consultant, and Social Worker that work to help determine the need for an IEP.
Least Restrictive Environment (LRE): as close as possible to a mainstream classroom (PL94-192)
Regular Education Initiative (REI): the movement through which the increased practice of mainstreaming has been highlighted. Proponents of the REI feel that regular education can accommodate all students.
Non-discriminatory assessment: A variety of nondiscriminatory tests given in the native language of the child to determine whether a student has a disability. A variety of measures are made to assure that placement decisions are not made on the basis of a single test score.
English-as-a-Second Language (ESL): Students receive instructional assistance in their native language. English is taught to students as a remedial class.
Limited English Proficient (LEP): Students who are reasonably fluent in another language but who have not yet achieved comparable mastery in reading, writing, listening, or speaking English.
Bilingual Education (BLE): The use of two or more languages for instruction. Those who have not acquired full use of the English language are taught academic content in their native language (usually Spanish) while continuing to learn English.
Extended School Year (ESY): a range of options in providing programs in excess of the traditional 180-day school year.
Appropriate placement: Placing Special Ed students in the most suitable situation possible in the least restrictive environment.
Inclusive education: The practice of educating all children in the same classroom, including children with physical, mental, and developmental disabilities to provide a free and appropriate education with related services for each child in the least restrictive environment possible,
Mainstreaming: The practice of placing students with disabilities into regular classrooms. The students usually also receive some assistance and instruction in separate classrooms, often called resource rooms.
Self-contained setting: a classroom specifically for special education students. Class size is smaller and is taught by a special education teacher and usually assisted by a paraprofessional.
Resource setting: A room that serves the children’s needs to learn specific skills within the least restrictive environment for part of the day. Primarily instruction in Math an Language Arts is provided in this setting.
Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD): Student exhibits poor attention, distractibility, and impulsitivity. Children diagnosed with attention deficit disorder tend to have problems staying on task and focusing on conversations or activities. ADD children may be impulsive, easily distracted (e.g., by someone talking in another room or by a passing car), full of unfocused energy, fidgety, and restless.
Attention Deficit Disorder/Hyperactive Disorder (ADDHD): Transition services: Services provided to assist students with transition from school to community, college, vocational programs or employment. Transistion services must be written into IEPs and are detailed in an ITP, Individualized Transition Plan.
Accommodation plan: A part of Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, an anti-discrimination law, obliges public schools to provide accommodations to students with attention, learning, and other difficulties.